taxes

In ancient Israel the only taxes imposed on people mentioned in the Bible were for the maintenance of the tabernacle and its officiants (Deut. 18:1 ff.) but kings exacted much more in order to pay the army and the court (1 Kgs. 12:11). In Palestine under the Romans a poll tax had to be paid to Caesar (Matt. 22:17). Jews paid a temple tax (Matt. 17:24) of a half-shekel every year, and also had to pay customs duties (Mark 2:14) at Jericho, since a frontier post which lay between the Roman province of Judah and Perea, part of the tetrarchy of Herod Antipas. It provided an important source of his revenue. It was at Jericho that Jesus encountered Zacchaeus (Luke 19:1–10), an official hugely unpopular because, as a subcontractor, he took the money and remitted it to his employer, who in turn sent it on to Rome. This procedure allowed much scope for greed and dishonesty. The collectors were known as publicani, hence the English ‘publicans’ of AV, RV.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TAXES — Dux auxiliaris, in bello Colchico. Val. Flacc. l. 6. v. 252. Argonaut …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Taxes —    First mentioned in the command (Ex. 30:11 16) that every Jew from twenty years and upward should pay an annual tax of half a shekel for an offering to the Lord. This enactment was faithfully observed for many generations (2 Chr. 24:6; Matt. 17 …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Taxes, S. — S. Taxes (7. März), vielleicht besser Artaxes oder Artaxius genannt, Martyrer zu Antiochia, ist sehr zweifelhaft. S. S. Leocus. (I. 639.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Taxes — An involuntary fee levied on corporations or individuals that is enforced by a level of government in order to finance government activities. In the investing world, this is one of the most important types of taxes and, therefore, one of the most …   Investment dictionary

  • taxes — hors taxes …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Taxes — Taxe Une taxe est théoriquement « la contrepartie monétaire d un service rendu par une personne publique »[1]. Toutefois, de nombreux usages erronés sont faits de ce terme. Sommaire 1 Différents usages du terme 2 Définitio …   Wikipédia en Français

  • taxes — tax·es (tăkʹsēz) n. A plural of taxis. * * * …   Universalium

  • taxes — noun The mass noun for money paid to the government for public purposes …   Wiktionary

  • Taxes — Ta|xes: Pl. von 1↑Taxis …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Taxes —    qualification donnée aux perceptions opérées par une collectivité publique à l occasion de la fourniture à l administré d une contrepartie individualisable, à la différence de l impôt …   Lexique de Termes Juridiques

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